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Dr Pleasantine Mill (MRC Human Genetics Unit) has identified a gene, involved in brain development, which can lead to disability and death in infants.
Prof Andrew McIntosh (Centre for Clinical Brain Sciences - Psychiatry), Prof David Porteous (Inst
Dr W. David Hill (Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology) and colleagues at the Universities of Edinburgh, Göttingen, and the Max Planck Institute for Human Development in Germany, have published a study suggesting that more than half of the difference in intelligence between people can be traced back to their genes. The study used data from 'Generation Scotland' - a resource of human biological samples and data which are available for medical research.
Dr Tom Russ has published a study showing that the risk of dementia is different between men and
Professor Ian Deary and Dr David Hill (both centre for Cognitive Ageing & Cognitive Epidemiology) and colleagues from University of Southampton and Harvard have identified over 500 genes linked to intelligence in the largest study of its kind.
Professor Neil Mabbott (The Rosin Institute) and colleagues have discovered why some people appear more susceptible to infection by prion proteins, which cause variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) in people and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in cows.
Dr Sue Fletcher-Watson (Centre for Clinical Brain Sciences), along with colleagues at the University of Oslo, has recently published an article in Psychiatry Research dissecting portrayals of autism on film and TV. They found that representations of autism on screen align unrealistically-perfectly with the diagnostic criteria, making portrayals of autism archetypal, but not representative. This may be contributing to narrow stereotypes about autism, which in turn is expected to impact on the day to day experiences of people on the autism spectrum.
Dr Michael Thrippleton and members of the HARNESS Initiative, led by Professor Joanna Wardlaw (both Centre for Clinical Brain Sciences), have recently published an in-depth review and position statement on MRI measurement of subtle blood-brain barrier leakage in clinical research studies.
Using data from an existing bank of brain scans held in the USA, researchers have found that chimpanzee brains may be more different from those of humans than was previously thought.
Dr Barry McColl (Roslin Institute, University of Edinburgh) and colleagues have found that following a stroke patients have reduced levels of protective antibodies in their blood.