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A new study led by Dr Mitsuhiko Ota (School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences) has found that infants exposed to higher numbers of baby talk words are quicker to grasp language. The research (published in Cognitive Science) assessed 9 month old children and found that those heard words such as 'bunny' or 'choo-choo' more frequently are faster at picking up new words between 9 and 21 months of age.
Professor Ian Deary and colleagues (Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology/ Psychology) have followed up more than 65,000 people who took part in The Scottish Mental Survey in 1947 at the age of 11, to examine the association between intelligence measured in childhood and leading causes of death in men and women over the life course.
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More than 400 people in their 80s and 90s were reunited at a Lothian Birth Cohort (LBC) event on 04 June 2017. This reunion celebrated 70 years, to the day, since the LBC1936 participants first sat the Moray House Test as part of the Scottish Mental Survey 1947. The participants of the Lothian Birth Cohorts met with Professor Ian Deary (Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology) and colleagues behind the project to mark their achievements on the understanding of the ageing brain.
The Centre for Cognitive Ageing & Cognitive Epidmiology have found that people in their 40s and 50s who were more engaged with hobbies scored better on memory and thinking tests as they approached 80.
Professor Sharon Abrahams (Psychology and Euan MAcDoanld Centre for MND Research) has found thatfour out of five people with motor neuron disease are likely to experience changes in their brain function, as well as impaired movement.
A new study led by Dr Stuart Ritchie (School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences) has shown that an extra year of schooling can noticeably increase a person’s IQ. This study provides the strongest evidence yet that education raises intelligence test scores as the researchers found that an extra year of schooling leads to a small but noticeable rise in intelligence scores.
Professor Andrew McIntosh (Centre for Clinical Brain Sciences), Professor Ian Deary (Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Epidemiology), Dr Michelle Luciano (Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Epidemiology) and colleagues (University of Edinburgh and King's College London) have published results from a study suggesting that people affected by depression may have genes associated with anxiety, worry and low mood. The DNA of over 300,000 people was analysed and many genes were found to link to neuroticism – characterised by feelings of anxiety, worry and guilt. The genes are also linked to depression. The findings help shed light on the causes of depression – which affects one in five people – and could provide information to help better diagnosis and treatment for individuals, scientists say.
Professor Sergio della Sala (Psychology) has published a study with colleagues at Queen Margaret University revealing that passengers, when selecting their aircraft seating, tend to choose seats located on the right hand side.
Staying Sharp is a new ‘one-stop-shop’ on the Age UK website, developed in partnership with the Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology (CCACE) at the University of Edinburgh, where you can find out what you need to know about thinking skills in later life.